Chronic neck pain is prolonged pain present for a long duration of time it is accompanied by pain that radiates down the arms and into the hands and fingers cervical herniated disc or foraminal stenosis pinching a nerve in the neck is the common cause. Neck pain it is more than a treatise on pathophysiology of neck pain but it is a treatise on pathophysiology of neck pain dr bogduk has carefully itemized the various anatomic structures that can invoke neck pain he provides an extensive review of the literature including but the outstanding contributions. The terms whiplash and acceleration injury to the neck describe an injury mechanism without specifying a pathology 12 neck sprain assumes a ligamentous injury 3 whiplash assumes no head impact though in modern vehicles the back of the head impacts on the head restraint unless there is hyperextension over the top of a low positioned . Note citations are based on reference standards however formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study the specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher classroom teacher institution or organization should be applied. Penetrating traumatic neck injury can be a potentially devastating injury due to the high density of crucial anatomical structures within the neck in one study 111 ratio of males to females were identified in patients with penetrating neck injury 3 pathology classification
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