Hearsay rule n the basic rule that testimony or documents which quote persons not in court are not admissible because the person who supposedly knew the facts is not in court to state his her exact words the trier of fact cannot judge the demeanor and credibility of the alleged first hand witness and the other partys lawyer cannot cross examine ask questions of him or her. See hearsay there are a number of exceptions to the hearsay rule including present sense impression excited utterances declarations of present state of mind dying and the business records exceptions as well as things defined not to be hearsay admission of a party opponent and prior statements of a witness. The hearsay rule is an analytic rule of evidence that defines hearsay and provides for both exceptions and exemptions from that rule there is no all encompassing definition of hearsay in the united states however most evidentiary codes defining hearsay adopt verbatim the rule as laid out in the federal rules of evidence which reads. Under california evidence code 1200 hearsay evidence is not allowed in california criminal jury trials 1 the legal definition of hearsay is a statement that was made other than by a witness testifying at the trial and is offered to prove the truth of the content of the statement 2 the reason why we have this california rule of evidence in criminal cases is that hearsay statements are
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